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Emerging Technology in Criminal Justice


Surveillance devices allow law enforcement and corrections officers to watch (and thus safeguard) particular locations remotely. Such devices permit officers to observe or find individuals who otherwise might not be visible because of obstructions or darkness. Current technologies include closed-circuit television security systems, a variety of night vision devices using infrared and available light sources, and through-the-wall surveillance devices. The latter have great potential in effectively resolving critical incidents (section II), such as hostage taking. Camera, Spy, Pigeon, Surveillance, Security, Video

Required Reading


  1. Introduction:
    1. Electronic surveillance. (2010). In D. Batten (Ed.), Gale Encyclopedia of American Law (3rd ed., Vol. 4, pp. 117-121). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved from
  2. Resources
    1. National Institute of Justice. (2007). Special report: Investigative uses of technology: Devices, tools, and technologies (pp. 1-165) (United States, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from
    2. Nieto, M. (1997). Public video surveillance: Is it an effective crime prevention tool? (Rep. No. CRB-97-005). Sacramento, CA: California Research Bureau, California State Library. Retrieved from
    3. Trottier, D. (2015). Open source intelligence, social media and law enforcement: Visions, constraints and critiques. European Journal Of Cultural Studies, 18(4/5), 530-547. doi:10.1177/1367549415577396
    4. Kearon, T. (2013). Surveillance technologies and the crises of confidence in regulatory agencies. Criminology & Criminal Justice: An International Journal, 13(4), 415-430. doi:10.1177/1748895812454747
    5. Stephens, G. (2013). Crime in the year 2030. Futurist, 47(1), 27-32.
    6. Pittman, E. (2010). Police departments connect to school district camera feeds to aid incident response. Education Digest, 76(3), 62-64.
    7. United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. (2016, May 3). Research on body-worn cameras and law enforcement. Retrieved May 3, 2016, from
    8. United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. (2012, August 9). Detection and surveillance technologies. Retrieved May 3, 2016, from
    9. United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice. (2007, October). ​Through-the-wall surveillance: A new technology for saving lives. Retrieved May 3, 2016, from

Recommended Reading

Additional Resources