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Emerging Technology in Criminal Justice

Offender Monitoring/Officer Location

In many jurisdictions throughout the country, the location of persons on probation, parole, or pretrial release can be monitored electronically, typically through home-based systems tied into a phone line.  This technology helps minimize the use of court or police officers by permitting the monitoring agency to  know when the subject wearing a monitoring device is at home or when he or she has left and returned.  Related technologies, however, can come into play when used for officer safety/location, especially in correctional facilities. These technologies allow an officer to transmit a call for help to a central location where his or her location can be pinpointed and assistance can be dispatched Jail, Prison, Police, Crime, Law, Arrest, Criminal

Required Reading

Offender Monitoring

  1. Introduction:
    1. Latessa, E. J. (2002). Probation and parole: Supervision. In J. Dressler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 1227-1232). New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Retrieved from
  2. Resources
    1. DeMichele, M., & Payne, B. (2009). Using technology to monitor offenders: A community corrections perspective. Corrections Today, 71(4), 34-37.
    2. Drumm, R., & Brooks, B. (2009). Radio frequency technologies in the corrections arena. Corrections Today, 71(4), 32.
    3. Martin, J. S., Hanrahan, K., & Bowers, J. J. (2009). Offenders' perceptions of house arrest and electronic monitoring. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 48(6), 547-570.
    4. Burrell, W. D., & Gable, R. S. (2008). From B.F. Skinner to Spiderman to Martha Stewart: The past, present and future of electronic monitoring of offenders. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 46(3/4), 101-118.
    5. Demichele, M., Payne, B. K., & Button, D. M. (2008). Electronic monitoring of sex offenders: Identifying unanticipated consequences and implications. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 46(3/4), 119-135.
    6. United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice. (2014, March 17). Monitoring technologies. Retrieved May 3, 2016, from

Recommended Reading

Additional Resources