With the advent of the Internet has come a whole new category of crime that includes fraud; theft of services and data; copyright infringement; destruction of data through computer sabotage (viruses); and acts causing inconvenience to agencies or compromising sensitive, secret, or confidential government and business functions. Because electronic crime is technology driven, law enforcement agencies will encounter a wide variety of technologies and criminal tactics. Because these technologies can be expected to change rapidly, law enforcement agencies must be prepared to use technology, either directly or indirectly, to frustrate and apprehend offenders.
Crime Lab Assistance:
Public crime laboratories historically have suffered from low funding, understaffing, and high personnel turnover, leaving them in some cases with inconsistent standards, inexperienced personnel, and tremendous backlogs. Nevertheless, reliable and timely forensic analytical results from these labs are essential to solving crime. The equipment, training, and laboratory modifications required to increase State and local crime lab capacities and bring them up to national quality assurance standards come at a cost beyond the reach of most agencies. Federal funding support, in the form of grants to State and local agencies, is therefore critical to the improvement of crime laboratory services
Office of Justice Programs and the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. (2001). A resource guide to law enforcement, corrections, and forensic technologies (pp. 1-95) (United States, Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs and Office of Community Oriented Policing Services). Washington, DC: COPS: Community Oriented Policing Services.